All rights reserved. The future should be in striking contrast with the past. That same region, described by the prophet in different terms (the former representing the tribal divisions, the latter the geographical) is hereafter to be the scene of a glory greater than Israel had ever known before. If it be asked here, in what way this land had been made contemptible, or why it was regarded as an object of contempt? 'Tiglath-pileser took Ijon, and Gilead, and Galilee, and all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria;' 2 Kings 15:29. people that walked in darkness", &c. and so the sense may be, 24:22 ) it is true, indeed, it may be considered as an The word "way" here, דרך derek, means toward, or in the vicinity of. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 9 [a]Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom(A)for those who were in distress. 3 Thou shalt multiply the … Judgments for their pride, Isaiah 9:8-12; for their impenitency and hypocrisy, Isaiah 9:13-21. The same region which was so darkened once, shall be among the first to receive Messiah's light (Mt 4:13, 15, 16). either by Pul king of Assyria, in the reign of Menahem king of Isaiah 9:1-7 The Government and Names of Yahweh . The prophet here shows how it will unfold. So we call that period the Messianic Age. He, to wit, God, who is oft understood in such cases, and who is here supposed to be the author or inflicter of this judgment. he will make it, for the prophet speaks of things to come as past, as he doth most commonly in this prophecy) glorious (to wit, by Christâs first preaching the gospel in those parts) in or towards the way of the sea, (to wit, of Galilee or Gennesaret,) beyond or on this side Jordan, in Galilee of the Gentiles: which interpretation I thought fit to propose, as deserving further consideration. sieges, robberies, plunders as appears from the history of The words may be rendered, "for there shall be no weariness to The Saviour of the world was to be undiminished deity, eternally united with full humanity in one Person – the Lord Jesus Christ and this astonishing prophecy in Isaiah confirms this fact in a few short words. Isaiah 9:3. (1) The district in which these two tribes dwelt constituted the border-land toward the pagan nations. But the former sense seems better to agree, both with the following verses, and with Matthew 4:14-16, where these words are expounded as a promise, and said to be fulfilled by Christâs preaching the gospel in these parts. Galil in Hebrew is a "circle," "circuit," and from it came the name Galilee. See Zechariah 2:10-11; Luke 2:10. Isaiah 9:6 is a prophecy about a future child who would bear the government on his shoulders and be called by titles that could only rightfully be attributed to God: “ For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. (c) While the Jews and Gentiles dwelt together by reason of those twenty cites, which Solomon gave to Hiram. 776).). By Pul; or rather, 2. By the way of the sea; in that part of the land which bordereth upon the sea, to wit, the lake of Gennesaret, which is very commonly called a sea, as Matthew 4:18 John 21:1, &c., and upon which the portions of Zebulun and Naphtali bordered. But this last clause, and the two foregoing clauses, are otherwise rendered and interpreted by divers learned men, as a prophecy concerning the light of the gospel that should shine in those parts: As at the first time (to wit, in the former ages of the Israelitish church and commonwealth) he made the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali vile or contemptible; (as he might be said to have done, partly, by putting those people at so great a distance from his sanctuary; partly, by exposing them to some calamities which other tribes escaped; and partly, by denying them those honours and privileges which he afforded to other tribes, of which see John 7:52, Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet; and John 1:46, Can any good thing come out of Nazareth? Nevertheless, &c.—rather, "For darkness shall not (continually) be on it (that is, the land) on which there is (now) distress" [Hengstenberg and Maurer]. The child is used as a symbol three times in Isaiah 11:1-10. Beyond Jordan; or, on this side Jordan; for this preposition is used both ways, and this land might be said to be either beyond or on this side Jordan, in divers respects. That version is, however, so obscure as to be almost unintelligible, and requires an entire remodelling:âSurely there is no gloom to her that was afflicted. The previous part of the verse refers to the calamities that had come upon that region in former times. in design the sea of Tiberias or Galilee, as Jarchi rightly Adjacent to this region were the countries of Phenicia, Tyre, and Sidon; and the people would naturally mingle much with them in commerce. would be less than in former times; but it is certain that it was better to understand it of Titus Vespasian, who would not be This region had also been invaded by Benhadad two hundred years before the time of Isaiah; 1 Kings 15:20, and there might have been a reference to these various invasions to which this northern part of the land of Palestine had been subjected. Some understand the words to be an aggravation of the darkness or misery threatened Isaiah 8:22, rendering the words thus, for the dimness shall not be, &c. And so the sense is, This shall not be so slight an affliction as that which befell them by Pul, 2 Kings 15:19, nor as that which succeeded it by Tiglathpileser, who, at the desire of Ahaz, did about this time make another invasion into the land of Israel, 2 Kings 15:29, and was a heavier stroke than the former; but this shall be far heavier than either of them. And the land of Naphtali - The region which was occupied by this tribe was directly north of Zebulun, and of the sea of Galilee, having that sea and the tribe of Zebulun on the south and southeast, Asher on the west, and a part of the tribe of Manasseh, on the east. Galilee of the nations.âThe word Galilee, derived from the same root as Gilgal (Joshua 5:9), means strictly âa circle,â or âcircuit.â It was applied to the border-lands of the PhÅnician frontier of the northern kingdom, inhabited by a mixed population, and therefore known as âGalilee of the Gentilesâ (Matthew 4:15-16) what in mediaeval German would have been called the Heidenmark. To the same purpose they may be thus rendered, according to the Hebrew, But darkness shall not be (i.e. Isa 9:1-7. reign of Pekah king of Israel, since by him Galilee, and all the The people of Israel were steeped in apostasy and walking in darkness and gloom, but Isaiah spoke of a coming Messiah, Who would not only bring light with Him, but would be the Light of lights. Zebulun and the land It is true that, according to Jerome, in loc., the Nazarenes supposed Isaiah 9:1 to refer to the light of the gospel spread by the preaching of Paul in terminos gentium et viam universi maris. land) "to which distress is brought; as at the first time he The word vexation, מוצק mûtsâq means oppression, calamity, or being "straitened, or pressed.". The same chapter paints a picture of peaceable kingdom, where a child shall lead them. She shall be distressed and darkened, as I said before, Isaiah 8:22, but not irrecoverably, nor for ever. It was in despised Galilee that He first and most publicly exercised His ministry; from it were most of His apostles. Did more grievously afflict - הכביד hı̂kebbı̂yd. And afterward - That is, in subsequent times; meaning times that were to come after the prophecy here delivered. In the former time he brought shame on the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali; but in the latter he bringeth honour on the way by the sea, beyond Jordan, the circuit of the Gentiles. But following this judgment, which will bring gloom and anguish to the land, there will be glory. Light would come to those walking in darkness-the Israelites-as they lived in a dark land ( Isaiah 9:1). THE CONTEXT. He is God, one with the Father. multiplied . F7; either that is besieged in He lightly afflicted - The word used here, קלל qâlal, means properly, to be, or make light, or small; and in Hiphil, the form which occurs here, it often means to "esteem lightly, to despise, to hold in contempt;" 2 Samuel 19:43; Ezekiel 22:7. The historical context of Isaiah 9… 10 Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz: 11 “Ask a sign of the Lord your6 God; let it … . Many prophetic perfects in this section assure the certainty of the things predicted. As handed down from antiquity , the Hebrew word for “not” (two letters: lamed-aleph) appears … Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. The meaning is, thou hast conferred upon it a very great benefit, and thereby prepared for it the highest joy: joy which shall be to all people; true joy arising from the consolations of the gospel. By the way of the sea - The sea of Galilee, or Gennesareth. Isaiah 9:1 Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. of these; there should be no fleeing, no escape, no, not of any, The dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation: the words thus rendered contain a mitigation of the foregoing threatening; and so the sense of the verse may be this, The calamity of this land and its inhabitants shall be great, yet not such as that which was brought upon the kingdom of the ten tribes by the king of Assyria, who at first indeed dealt more gently with them, but afterwards quite rooted them out, and carried them away into a dreadful captivity, from whence they were not to return, no, not when the Messiah came into the world; for after this darkness of which I have now spoken, there shall come a glorious light, as it follows in the next verse. “It was told the house of David, saying, ‘Syria is allied with Ephraim.’ Call Him Wonderful Counselor. if it be asked what that glory should be, the answer is, "the connection with the following words, these may be rendered thus; Surely there is no gloom to her that was afflicted. See Matthew 14:13, where it is quoted, and applied to Christ's being in those parts. Salem Media Group. "for there shall be no fleeing from him that is oppressed in it" Isaiah was called to prophesy of the great Deliverer, Who would save His people from their sins. Isaiah 9:1 Nevertheless the dimness [shall] not [be] such as [was] in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict [her by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. darkness; shall not be such as was in her vexation. The dimness - The Hebrew word hero denotes obscurity, or darkness; and is used here, as the word darkness often is in the Scriptures, to denote calamity or affliction. Do not despair, for, &c. when at the first, &c.—rather, "as the former time has brought contempt on the land of Zebulun and Naphtali (namely, the deportation of their inhabitants under Tiglath-pileser, 2Ki 15:29, a little before the giving of this prophecy); so shall the after-coming time bring honor to the way of the sea (the district around the lake of Galilee), the land beyond (but Hengstenberg, "by the side of") Jordan (Perea, east of Jordan, belonging to Reuben, Gad, and half-Manasseh), the circle (but Hengstenberg, "Galilee") (that is, region) of the "Gentiles" [Maurer, Hengstenberg, &c.]. 15:29 ) which at the time of this prophecy was past, and was It probably has that sense here, as the design of the prophet is evidently to speak, not of a light affliction in the former time, but of a grievous, heavy calamity - a calamity which would be well denoted by the expression, 'he made them vile; he exposed them to contempt and derision.' 1. Israel, ( 2 Kings (f) "quia non defatigatio ei angustanti eos." 4:25): in Galilee of the nations; Isaiah 9:2-7 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 7:1 – 9:1. Isaiah 9:1 NIV Isaiah 9:1 NLT Isaiah 9:1 ESV Isaiah 9:1 NASB Isaiah 9:1 KJV Isaiah 9:1 BibleApps.com Isaiah 9:1 Biblia Paralela Isaiah 9:1 Chinese Bible Isaiah 9:1 French Bible Isaiah 9:1 Clyx Quotations OT Prophets: Isaiah 9:1 But there shall be no more gloom (Isa Isi Is) in the wars between the Jews and the Romans, by skirmishes, a part of the land of Israel so called, known by the name of In that invasion, the parts of Zebulun and Naphtali were particularly afflicted. .âThe context shows that the âseaâ is that which appears in Bible history under the names of the sea of Chinnereth (Numbers 34:11; Deuteronomy 3:17), the Sea of Galilee, the Sea of Tiberias (John 6:1), Gennesaret (Mark 6:53). The prophet had seen in the closing verses of Isaiah 8 the extreme point of misery. It is true that, according to Jerome, in loc., the Nazarenes supposed Isaiah 9:1 to refer to the light of the gospel spread by the preaching of Paul in terminos gentium et viam universi maris. The back story The back story is the long-standing domination of the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali by foreign states. of Naphtali; Or it is an impersonal speech, he afflicted for was afflicted, than which nothing is more common in the Hebrew language. famous for any arts or sciences, and having no prophet among In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the nations, by the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan--" Isaiah 9:1, ESV: "But there will be no gloom for her who was in anguish. One of the most serious thrusts of Isaiah's prophecy is the disloyalty of Judah and Israel to God and His withdrawal of His divine favor from them. This chapter Isaiah 9:1-4 by showing that the calamity would not be so great as in former times. her vexation. It would be mitigated. (b) With which Israel was punished, first by Tiglath-pilesar, which was a light scourge in respect to that which they suffered afterward by Shalmaneser, who carried the Israelites away captive. I. In her vexation - The word 'her' refers to the whole land of Palestine, to the afflictions that came upon the whole region. The time to which reference is made here, was probably the invasion of the land by Tiglath-pileser; 2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:26. It is commonly applied to one in early life; but no particular stress is to be laid on the word. of Naphtali, so in the last" (time) "he will give glory by the As the Prince of Peace, he reconciles us to God; he is the Giver of peace in the heart and conscience; and when his kingdom is fully established, men shall learn war no more. This word usually denotes a lad, a boy, a youth. Josephus. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Galilee of the nations, or Galilee of the Gentiles, to wit, the Upper Galilee, so called because it bordered upon the Gentiles. Foretold in De 33:18, 19; Ac 2:7; Ps 68:27, 28, Jerusalem, the theocratic capital, might readily have known Messiah; to compensate less favored Galilee, He ministered mostly there; Galilee's very debasement made it feel its need of a Saviour, a feeling not known to the self-righteous Jews (Mt 9:13). This verb has very various significations. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the nations, by the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan— 2 … See ( Matthew It was after the Assyrian deportation colonized with heathens, by Esar-haddon (2Ki 17:24). of the former distress, and a continuation and amplification of them, should, in the days of the Messiah, be highly honoured, and That picture, as it were, dissolves, and another takes its place. shall not abide or continue; for to be is sometimes put for to abide or continue to be, as 1 Samuel 12:14 Proverbs 23:5 Matthew 17:4 Hebrews 8:4) unto her, (to wit, the land, which by the consent of interpreters is understood here, as it was Isaiah 8:21) to whom this distress is or shall be. When at the first - In the former time; on a former occasion. 1. Isaiah 11:1-5 shares the three keys needed in drawing close to God. The shoot of Jesse begins and ends the unit. By Tiglath-pileser, who at this time invaded and subdued these parts, as it is expressed, 2 Kings 15:29; the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali: these parts are particularly mentioned, because this storm fell most heavily upon them; but under them the other parts of the land are understood by a common figure called synecdoche. “But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. upon the Jews by the Romans should be greater than the heaviest Jerusalem, and in distressing the Jews in all parts: or thus, 15:19 2 Kings we may reply. Lightly afflicted; either, 1. The inhabitants of this country are represented as having been bold and courageous, but as seditious, and prone to insolence and rebellion. The government shall be upon him; he shall bear the burden of it. 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